- 1270-1285 Philip III, king of France.
- 1272-1307 Edward I, king of England.
- 285-1314 Philip IV the Fair, king of France.
- 1300-1370 Jean Buridan was a Franciscan philosopher at the University of Paris. He was interested in the physics of motion and noticed that objects kept moving after the force that started them moving is removed. He decided that the original force imparts energy to the body that keeps it moving until some opposite force stops it. He called this imparted energy impetus or momentum.
- 1305 Having elected a Frenchman, Clement V, as pope, the curia finds that the papacy is no longer safe in Rome nor can it control the nobility of the Papal States. The papacy curia and administrative officers and offices moves to the town of Avignon, a papal property located just across the Rhone River from France. The beginning of the Avignon papacy, the Babylonian Captivity of the Church.
- 1307-1327 Edward II, king of England.
- 1311-1315 The Great Famine. There was a series of cold and wet springs and early winters that reduced harvests throughout western Europe, and by the Spring of 1315, about ten percent of the population had died of starvation, and a number more had perished of illnesses that they could not fight off in their malnourished state. This was the first general famine in Europe, and people were quite shaken by it. More land was brought under cultivation, but people didn't recognize that the population had been growing steadily and had now reached the point where it could be maintained only when harvests were good. During the next thirty years, many paupers died each year of hunger. Finally the Black Death killed of thirty percent of the population and ended that particular problem for the time being.
The Battle of Bannockburn, 24 June. Robert the Bruce defeated the English decisively and was able to claim the throne of Scotland. He married his daughter to his chief steward, a chap by the name of Walter. The descendants of the pair, having taking the spelling Stuart as their family name, became kings of Scotland and, eventually, kings of Scotland and England.
- 1314-1316 Louis X, king of France.
- 1316-1322 Philip V, king of France.
- 1322-1328 Charles IV, king of France.
- 1327-1377 Edward III, king of England.
- 1328-1350 Philip VI of Valois, king of France.
Medieval History Page 9